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                Home Tires & Services Tire Guide Evolution of Tires

                Evolution of Tires

                As the tire has evolved over the last 100 years, its advances have been made in parallel with the development of automobiles. Since our beginning, Hankook Tire has contributed to tire innovation and enhanced true driving emotion while putting emphasis on becoming one with the environment.

                As the tire has evolved over the last 100 years, its advances have been made in parallel with the development of automobiles. Since our beginning, Hankook Tire has contributed to tire innovation and enhanced true driving emotion while putting emphasis on becoming one with the environment.
                • Solid Rubber Tire

                  Composed of only firm rubber without
                  the need for air, the solid rubber tire is used mostly
                  for slow-speed vehicles because of
                  its poor shock absorption ability.

                • 1888

                  The Beginning of Tire History

                  Gasoline Cars
                  and the Pneumatic Tire

                  In 1888, Benz invented the first gasoline car,
                  equipped with unique metal tires covered with rubber and filled with air, resulting in the pneumatic tire. The public, which was accustomed to hard, metal tires, believed the pneumatic tire to be no less than revolutionary. Popular use of the pneumatic tire began in 1895 and it was featured in an automobile race from Paris to Bordeaux.

                • 1905

                  Tread Tire

                  Tread is a part of a tire that comes in direct contact with a road surface. Made out of thick rubber, tread protects carcass and breaker inside a tire. Road surface friction coefficient increased with a development of the tread tire and today it is produced in various patterns.

                • 1920

                  The Development of Tire Materials

                  Popularization of Automobiles and
                  the Industrialization of Synthetic Rubber

                  In late 1913, Henry Ford introduced the first
                  conveyor belt assembly line to the world,
                  marking the start of the first stage of
                  automobile popularization.
                  In 1931, American company Du Pont successfully industrialized synthetic rubber.
                  This development allowed tire industry,
                  which had been dependent on natural rubber, to increase tire quantity and quality,
                  ushering in a turning point in tire production.

                • 1923

                  Balloon Tire

                  Balloon tire, a type of low-pressure tire is used in various types of automobiles to increase its contact area to road surface with low Internal air pressure.

                • 1940

                  Tire Structure Development

                  Structural Development of
                  Automobiles and Tires
                  to Save Fuel

                  In order to relieve a burden of sky-high
                  oil prices brought on by the oil shock,
                  it became popular to reduce the size and weight of
                  existing car models. Many manufacturers
                  eventually employed the front-wheel drive
                  method for their cars. With a development
                  of the tubeless tire in 1903, the resulting
                  weight reduction contributed significantly
                  to the saving of fuel.

                • 1947

                  Tubeless Tire

                • 1949

                  Radial Tire

                  Firstly invented in the 1950s, the radial tire refers to a type of tire in which the cords, carcass plies are vertically arranged to driving direction. Because of lower deformation of radial tire than bias tire during driving, radial tire has better fuel efficient. Uniform contact of tread in radial tire to road surface offers good driving stability, especially on high-speed.

                • 1970

                  Increased Tire Safety

                  The Second Stage of Automobile Popularization and Safety

                  Run-flat tire was developed in 1979, which is designed to enable the vehicle to continue to be driven up to at 80 km/h without replacing with new tire when punctured.

                • 1980

                  Run-Flat Tire

                  Even with scratches or holes caused due to obstacles or tire abrasion while driving, and the resulting deflation, the run-flat tire is able to maintain a constant driving speed. It protects the driver from various accidents that can arise in emergency situations.

                • Increased Tire Performance

                  Increased Tire Performance due to Development of the UHP Tire

                  With the transformation of the automobile
                  from an effective method of transportation into
                  a symbol of personal financial power and freedom,
                  people became increasingly interested in
                  driving performance.
                  Driving performance increased with the development
                  of the UHP (Ultra High Performance) tire, which boasts
                  superior cornering, drivability and braking,
                  in accordance with new development of tire technology.

                • UHP Tire

                  The UHP tire is defined as a tire with a rim diameter equal to or greater than 16 inches, an aspect ratio equal to or less than 55 and speed symbol higher than V (max. speed is 240 km/h). UHP tire provides superior braking performance and cornering performance at high speed.

                • 2000

                  Tires and the Environment

                  The Development of
                  the Eco Tuning Tire

                  With increasing interest in environmental
                  conservation, a variety of eco-friendly cars
                  like the hydrogen car and electric car are
                  being developed.
                  Accordingly, tires that increase fuel saving and
                  thus help protect the environment are
                  also in development.

                • 2012

                  The Future of Tires


                  In 2012, Hankook Tire developed an airless
                  tire using a new type of material.
                  The NPT (Non Pneumatic Tire) saves energy by
                  reducing the production process by half.
                  Created from a new type of uni-material,
                  it can be reused or recycled.
                  The NPT will be used for eco-friendly car models
                  including hydrogen, electric and hybrid cars.



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